Medical

Hemiplegia, hemiparesis, or hemiplegic cerebral palsy are the result of some type of  brain injury and children with brain injuries often have multiple disabilities and medical issues. Some of the medical issues faced by children with hemiplegia include:

  • Paralysis, partial paralysis, weakness
  • Epilepsy (seizures)
  • Visual impairment, visual field cuts
  • Sensory and perceptual difference
  • Problems with balance
  • Speech and language differences
  • Emotional and behavioral challenges
  • Learning difficulties

Less common medical issues faced by for Children with Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy include:

  • Feeding issues, including reflux
  • Constipation
  • Hearing problems
  • Slow growth
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Scoliosis

Medical Treatments for Children with Hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy may include:

  • Physical therapy
  • Occupational therapy
  • Speech and Language therapy
  • Glasses to help with vision issues
  • Medication to decrease spasticity, including Baclofen and Botulinum toxin
  • Medication to stop or control seizures
  • Use of a variety of orthotics and splints for hand, leg, and foot to obtain better position and avoid contractures
  • Insertion of a shunt to control hydrocephalus
  • Surgery to improve the position of the child’s arm, hand, thumb, or foot
  • Bracing or surgery for severe cases of scoliosis
  • Hemispherectomy to stop or reduce seizures

Diagnostic assessment of the child with cerebral palsy – 2008 Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology and the Practice Committee of the Child Neurology Society